PCI Express 4.0 - Hands-On 5-Day Course
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PCI Express 4.0 - Hands-On 5-Day Course

Location Milpitas, CA
Date 3/18/2019 - 3/22/2019
Duration 5-days
Instructor Ravi Budruk
Sponsor Teledyne LeCroy
Price $3,495.00

Hands-On PCI Express 4.0 Architecture Course Details:

MindShare's PCI Express System Architecture course starts with a high-level view of the technology to provide the big-picture context and then drills down into the details for each topic, providing a thorough understanding of the hardware and software protocols.

This course describes additional features added to the architecture when moving from PCIe specification revision 1.1 to 2.0 to 2.1 to 3.0 to 3.1 and finally to 4.0. There is a very large number of features and optional behaviors for PCIe. MindShare will customize this course to cover those features requested by the audience given we cannot cover all topics in the limited training time. 

You Will Learn:

  • Features of PCIe Gen1, Gen2, Gen3, Gen4
  • The definition and responsibilities of each of the layers in the interface
  • How the hardware-based automatic error detection and correction mechanism works
  • The various additional levels of error detection and reporting
  • The details of the packet-based protocol used by PCIe
  • The address space and packet-routing methods used
  • How the various power management techniques work
  • The details of the configuration registers that provide control and status visibility to software
  • What changes are needed to run the link at 16.0 GT/s (Gen4 speeds)

Course Length: 5-Days

Times:

Start time each day: 9:00am
End time each day: 5:00pm
Lunch provided between noon-1:00pm. AM and PM snacks and beverages

Location:

TeledyneLeCroy Office
765 Sycamore Drive
Milpitas, CA
USA 95035

Who Should Attend?

This in-depth course is hardware oriented, but is designed for both hardware and software engineers. The course contains numerous practical examples of transactions on the link, including relevant analyzer captures of some error conditions. It also covers the rules required for a device to be compliant with the spec. This makes the course ideal for system validation engineers who are evaluating an RTL-level, chip-level, system-level or system board-level design.

Course Outline:

  • PCI Architecture Background Foundation
    • PCI concepts important for understanding PCI Express
  • PCI Express Features and Architecture Overview
    • Layered Architecture
    • TLP, DLLP and Ordered Set Packet Format Overview
    • Protocol Overview
  • Configuration Overview
    • Legacy and Enhanced Configuration Access Mechanism (ECAM)
    • Type 0 and Type 1 Headers, Capability and Extended Capability Register Overview
    • Bus Enumeration
    • HANDS-ON ARBOR LAB: Scan your system and determine topology
  • Address Space and Transaction Routing
    • Clarification of Memory space
      • System memory vs MMIO
      • Prefetchable vs Non-prefetchable
      • IO space
    • Setting up the BARs (Base Address Registers) as well as the Base and Limit registers
    • Switch Routing Mechanism
    • HANDS-ON ARBOR LAB: Debug problem with plug-and-play address mapping
  • TLP Format Details
  • Quality of Service and Arbitration Overview
  • Flow Control Overview 
  • Transaction Ordering
    • Simplified Ordering Table
    • Relaxed Ordering
    • ID-Based Ordering
  • DLLP Format Details
  • ACK / NAK Protocol Overview
    • TLP Error Recovery Mechanism
    • Examples of Numerous Error Scenarios
    • Nullified Packets and Store-and Forward Switches vs. Cut-Through Mode Switches
  • Physical Layer Logic (2.5GT/s and 5.0GT/s)
    • Ordered Sets
    • Byte Striping/Unstriping
    • Scrambling/Unscambling
    • 8b/10b Encoding/Decoding
    • Serializing/Deserializing
    • Spread Spectrum Clocking (SSC)
      • SRIS (Separate Refclk Independent SSC)
  • Physical Layer Logic (8.0GT/s and 16.0GT/s)
    • 128b/130b Encoding/Decoding
    • Ordered Set Blocks and Data Blocks
    • Data Streams and Packet Framing
  • Physical Layer Electrical (all speeds)
    • Differences Between Speeds
    • 2.5GT/s and 5.0GT/s De-emphasis
    • 8.0GT/s and 16.0GT/s Equalization
    • 16.0GT/s Lane Margining
  • Link Initialization and Training (LTSSM)
    • Detect, Polling, Configuration, L0 States
    • Recovery (Retraining) State
      • Link Speed Change
      • 8.0GT/s Equalization Training
      • 16.0GT/s Equalization Training
      • Link Width Change
    • L0s, L1, L2, Hot Reset, Link Disable and Loopback States
  • Interrupt Support
    • MSI Interrupts
    • MSI-X Interrupts
    • HANDS-ON ARBOR LAB: Investigate source of MSI(-X) interrupt and delivery
  • Error Detection and Handling
    • Correctable, Non-Fatal and Fatal Errors
      • Advisory Non-Fatal Errors
    • Advanced Error Reporting (AER)
    • HANDS-ON ARBOR LAB: Determine source and error reporting mechanism
  • Power Management Overview
    • Device Power States
    • Link Power States
    • Active State Power Management (ASPM) - hardware controlled
    • Software Controlled Power Management
    • Power Management Events (PME, Beacon and #WAKE)
    • Dynamic Power Allocation (DPA), Optimized Buffer Flush Fill (OBFF), Latency Tolerance Reporting (LTR), L1 Sub-States (L1.0, L1.1 and L1.2), Emergency Power Reduction State
  • System Resets
    • Conventional Reset Mechanisms: Cold, Warm and Hot Reset
    • Function Level Reset (FLR)
  • Other Features Introduced with PCIe 4.0 (select topics covered on class request):
    • Flattening Portal Bridge (FPB)
    • Enhanced Allocation
    • Hierarchy ID Reporting
    • Support for Retimers
    • Receiver Margining
    • Designated Vendor-Specific Extended Capability (DVSEC)
  • Other Features Introduced with PCIe 2.x and 3.x (select topics covered on class request):
    • Internal Error Reporting
    • Multi-Casting
    • Atomic Operations
    • Resizable BARs
    • Alternative Routing-ID Interpretation (ARI)
    • TLP Processing Hints (TPH) and Steering Tags
    • Downstream Port Containment (DPC) and Enhanced DPC (eDPC)
    • Lightweight Notification (can be used for lightweight cache coherency)
    • Process Address Space ID (PASID)
    • Precision Time Measurement (PTM)
    • Protocol Multiplexing (PMUX)
    • Address Translation Services (ATS)
    • Access Control Services (ACS)
    • Device Readiness Status (DRS) and Function Readiness Status (FRS)

Recommended Prerequisites:

A solid understanding of one or more bus protocols such as PCI or similar architecture is highly recommended but not required.

Training Materials:

1) MindShare will supply a copy of the "PCI Express Technology " eBook by Mike Jackson and Ravi Budruk

2) License to MindShare Arbor Software learning/debug tool

3) Downloadable PDF version of the presentation slides

4) Comprehensive PCI Express 3.0 self-paced eLearning course which can be used for course review

PCI Express® is a registered trademark of the PCI-SIG